Iran aims to raise its refining capacity by more than 60%, from the current 2.2 mb/d level to 3.5 mb/d by 2026. Iran has 12 refineries and the main refineries are Abadan (400 kb/d), Persian Gulf Star Refinery (PGSR, extended from 120 kb/d to 360 kb/d in 2018), Esfahan (375 kb/d), Bandar Abbas (350 kb/d), Shahid Tondgoyan (250 kb/d), Shazand (250 kb/d), Cheshmeh Khosh (125 kb/d), and Shahriyar in Tabriz (110 kb/d). A 150 kb/d expansion is being built at the Anahita refinery in Kermanshah and a 480 kb/d refinery is under consideration in Assaloyeh (Siraf project).
Solar energy has the potential to cover 40% of the US power mix by 2035, according to US Department of Energy, up from the current 3% (2020). The country would need to need to quadruple its yearly solar capacity additions and provide 1,000 GW of power to a renewable-dominant grid by 2035. By 2050, solar energy could provide 1,600 GW on a zero-carbon grid. The United States currently has 83 GW of solar capacity (7% of total capacity).
The Danish Energy Agency forecasts that Denmark's oil production will rise after 2022, to average 97,000 bbl/d in 2025 (+42% over its 2021 level). Crude oil production is estimated to have declined from around 100,000 bbl/d in 2019 to 79,000 bbl/d in 2020 and around 68,000 bbl/d in 2021, due to lower production in some of the larger fields. The DEA also expects that natural gas production in Denmark will increase from 0.8 bcm in 2021 (around 1.6 bcm in 2020) to 2.7 bcm in 2025.
Iraq aims to increase its crude oi production capacity from the current 3.9 mb/d to 8 mb/d by the end of 2027, above a previous target of 7 mb/d by this date. The country, which is the second largest producer within the OPEC, has a production capacity of around 5 mb/d but its production is capped at 4.016 mb/d (in July 2021) under the OPEC+ agreement. In addition, Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) have agreed to start a new round of discussions to resolve their long-standing dispute over oil production and marketing; the KRG could then end over 250,000 bbl/month of crude oil to Iraq (as agreed in December 2020).