Indonesia is considering developping nuclear as the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) reviews the General Plan for the Provision of Electricity (RUPTL). The first nuclear reactor of the country could be commissioned by at least 2049 but development could be accelerated to reach 40 GW of nuclear capacity in 2060.
Pré-Sal Petróleo (PPSA), the Brazilian state-owned company managing the government's share of oil produced in subsalt areas, estimates the required investments in the Brazilian Pre-salt Polygon at US$99bn until 2031, of which US$33bn would be invested in production platforms, US$37bn in wells and US$29bn in subsea systems. Moreover, it estimates that crude oil production under production sharing contracts could reach 8.2 mbl over the next ten years, of which 1.5 mbl would be owned to the government. In 2031, the average production of oil contracts would stand at 3.5 mb/d, i.e. 2/3 of the expected national production. Consequently, the Brazilian government could raise as much as US$116bn from the sale of the government's oil until 2031; in addition, the Production Sharing contracts should generate US$92bn in royalties and US$77bn in Corporate Income Tax and Social Contribution on Net Income, raising total revenues for the Brazilian state of US$285bn over 10 years.
The Ministry of Oil of Iraq aims to stop gas flaring at its oil fields by 2027, as the country is the second largest gas flaring country after Russia, with around 40% of its gas production flared. Iraq is seeking help from international oil companies (IOCs) to develop non-associated gas from the Akkas and Mansuriyah fields, and to implement various gas capture projects. The country has signed US$27bn of projects with TotalEnergies, including a US$2bn gas gathering network and treatment project, the Ar-Ratawi project, which will have a gas capture capacity of 6.2 bcm/year and will produce 12,000 bbl/d of condensate to be used in the domestic market. As well, the state-owned gas company South Gas Co. has joined forces with Baker Hughes to develop a 2.1 bcm/year gas recovery project in southern Iraq. Recovering flared gas will help Iraq reduce the use of oil for power generation and cut its reliance on Iranian imports. The cost of gas produced at the Ar-Ratawi project is estimated at US$1.5-2/MMBtu, compared to US$8/MMBtu for Iranian gas imports.
According to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), over 27 GW of new gas-fired power capacity should be added by 2025 in the United States, raising the installed gas-fired capacity by 6%. Most of the new capacities will be built near the major shale gas production zones, in the Appalachia region (Utica and Marcellus shale plays), in Texas (Permian Basin, Eagle Ford and Haynesville) and in Florida. Indeed, 43% of the planned capacity will be built in States with pipeline access to gas from the Marcellus and Utica shale play: 3.8 GW in Illinois, 3.2 GW in Michigan, 2.9 GW in Ohio and 1.9 GW in Pennsylvania. Moreover, 2.8 GW of new gas-fired capacity should be added in Texas, the largest gas producer in the country. In addition, Florida, which has a marginal gas production but a growing regional gas pipeline network, plans to add 3.2 GW of new gas-fired capacity by 2025.