According to the French High Council on Climate (HCC), the current reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is insufficient to meet future carbon budget. France's GHG emissions decreased by 0.9% in 2019, which is similar to previous years and far from the -3% decrease expected in 2025. The four main emitting sectors, namely transport (30%) followed by agriculture, construction, and industry, all missed the first carbon budget (2015-2018). For the HCC, the temporary drop in emissions during lockdown is marginal in comparison with the efforts to be made. According to the HCC, climate-compatible recovery measures should focus on building retrofitting, investments in public transports, energy efficiency and electrification in industry, carbon storage in soils and renewable energies.
In 2020, China intends to raise its crude oil production by 1% and its gas production by 4.3%. It will focus on four key hydrocarbon production areas to reach this target, namely the Bohai Bay in northern China (offshore production), the Sichuan province, the Erdos Basin and the Xinjiang region (western China). China also aims to promote new energies, including renewables, fuel ethanol and coal-to-liquids (CTL) to replace conventional hydrocarbons, according to the National Energy Administration. In addition, the country plans to have 900 GW of installed non-fossil fuel power generation capacity in 2020 and to limit the share of coal in its primary energy mix to 57.5%.
According to the Danish Energy Agency (DEA), without new measures, Denmark will fall short of meeting its Climate Act target to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 70% by 2030 compared with 1990 levels, reducing emissions by only 44% by 2030. In December 2019, the Danish parliament adopted a new Climate Act with a legally binding objective to reduce GHG emissions by 70% by 2030 (compared to the 1990 level). Consequently, Denmark will have to cut GHG emissions by an additional 26 points, or 20 MtCO2eq, by 2030.
According to the Indonesian government, the country is expected to produce 550 Mt of coal (down from 582 Mt in 2019), while exports should reach 435 Mt, which is 40 Mt higher than the previous target of 395 Mt but will remain lower than 2019 exports (459 Mt). As domestic coal demand is forecasted to fall from 133 Mt in 2019 to 100 Mt in 2020, Indonesia intends to increase its coal exports to Vietnam, Pakistan and Bangladesh.